Segregation of glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthetic reactions in a subcompartment of the endoplasmic reticulum

J Vidugiriene, D K Sharma, Terry K Smith, N A Baumann, A K Menon

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54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) via the sequential addition of monosaccharides, fatty acid, and phosphoethanolamine(s) to phosphatidylinositol (PI), While attempting to establish a mammalian cell-free system for GPI biosynthesis, we found that the assembly of mannosylated GPI species was impaired when purified ER preparations were substituted for unfractionated cell lysates as the enzyme source. To explore this problem we analyzed the distribution of the various GPI biosynthetic reactions in subcellular fractions prepared from homogenates of mammalian cells. The results indicate the following: (i) the initial reaction of GPI assembly, i.e, the transfer of GlcNAc to PI to form GlcNAc-PI, is uniformly distributed in the ER; (ii) the second step of the pathway, i.e. de-N-acetylation of GlcNAc-PI to yield GlcN-PI, is largely confined to a subcompartment of the ER that appears to be associated with mitochondria; (iii) the mitochondria-associated ER subcompartment is enriched in enzymatic activities involved in the conversion of GlcN-PI to H5 (a singly mannosylated GPI structure containing one phosphoethanolamine side chain; and (iv) the mitochondria-associated ER subcompartment, unlike bulk ER, is capable of the de novo synthesis of H5 from UDP-GlcNAc and PI. The confinement of these GPI biosynthetic reactions to a domain of the ER provides another example of the compositional and functional heterogeneity of the ER, The implications of these findings for GPI assembly are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15203-15212
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 1999

Keywords

  • GLYCOSYL-PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL ANCHOR
  • VARIANT SURFACE GLYCOPROTEIN
  • MEMBRANE-PROTEINS
  • MAMMALIAN-CELLS
  • GPI-ANCHOR
  • RAT-LIVER
  • GLUCOSAMINYL PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL
  • GLYCOPHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL ANCHORS
  • STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION
  • INTRACELLULAR-TRANSPORT

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