Seeing in 3D with just one eye: Stereopsis without binocular vision

Dhanraj Vishwanath, Paul Barry Hibbard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Humans can perceive 3D structure with one eye, or even when viewing a picture of a 3D scene. However, the qualitative impression of three-dimensionality when viewing a real scene with both eyes is different. There is a compelling experience of immersive space and tangible solid objects. This phenomenon (stereopsis) is conventionally thought to be due to binocular disparity, or the geometrically equivalent information provided by motion parallax. Here we empirically establish, for the first time, the qualitative characteristics associated with stereopsis and show that they can occur in the absence of disparity or parallax. We show that the impression of stereopsis is a measurable attribute, and its absence when viewing pictorial images cannot be explained in terms of conflicting binocular cues or a reduced magnitude of perceived depth. These findings challenge conventional understanding and are discussed in the context of an alternative theory linking stereopsis to egocentric scaling of depth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1673-1685
Number of pages13
JournalPsychological Science
Issue number9
Early online date26 Jul 2013
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


Dive into the research topics of 'Seeing in 3D with just one eye: Stereopsis without binocular vision'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this