SDSS-IV MaNGA: How the stellar populations of passive central galaxies depend on stellar and halo mass

Grecco A. Oyarzún*, Kevin Bundy, Kyle B. Westfall, Jeremy L. Tinker, Francesco Belfiore, Maria Argudo-Fernández, Zheng Zheng, Charlie Conroy, Karen L. Masters, David Wake, David R. Law, Richard M. McDermid, Alfonso Aragón-Salamanca, Taniya Parikh, Renbin Yan, Matthew Bershady, Sebastián F. Sánchez, Brett H. Andrews, José G. Fernández-Trincado, Richard R. LaneD. Bizyaev, Nicholas Fraser Boardman, Ivan Lacerna, J. R. Brownstein, Niv Drory, Kai Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We analyze spatially resolved and co-added SDSS-IV MaNGA spectra with signal-to-noise ratio ∼100 from 2200 passive central galaxies (z ∼ 0.05) to understand how central galaxy assembly depends on stellar mass (M*) and halo mass (Mh). We control for systematic errors in Mh by employing a new group catalog from Tinker and the widely used Yang et al. catalog. At fixed M*, the strengths of several stellar absorption features vary systematically with Mh. Completely model-free, this is one of the first indications that the stellar populations of centrals with identical M* are affected by the properties of their host halos. To interpret these variations, we applied full spectral fitting with the code alf. At fixed M*, centrals in more massive halos are older, show lower [Fe/H], and have higher [Mg/Fe] with 3.5σ confidence. We conclude that halos not only dictate how much M* galaxies assemble but also modulate their chemical enrichment histories. Turning to our analysis at fixed Mh , high-M* centrals are older, show lower [Fe/H], and have higher [Mg/Fe] for Mh > 1012 h−1 M⊙ with confidence > 4σ. While massive passive galaxies are thought to form early and rapidly, our results are among the first to distinguish these trends at fixed Mh . They suggest that high-M* centrals experienced unique early formation histories, either through enhanced collapse and gas fueling or because their halos were early forming and highly concentrated, a possible signal of galaxy assembly bias.
Original languageEnglish
Article number88
Number of pages21
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume933
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Early-type galaxies
  • Elliptical galaxies
  • Galaxies
  • Galaxy ages
  • Galaxy evolution
  • Galaxy stellar content
  • Quenched galaxies
  • Galaxy abundances
  • Galaxy dark matter halos
  • Galaxy environments
  • Galaxy properties
  • Galaxy spectroscopy

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