SCAM-STMAS: Satellite-Transition MAS NMR of Quadrupolar Nuclei with Self-Compensation for Magic-Angle Misset

Sharon Elizabeth Ashbrook, Stephen Wimperis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several methods are available for the acquisition of high-resolution solid-state NMR spectra of quadrupolar nuclei with half-integer spin quantum number. Satellite-transition MAS (STMAS) offers an approach that employs only conventional MAS hardware and can yield substantial signal enhancements over the widely used multiple-quantum MAS (MQMAS) experiment. However, the presence of the first-order quadrupolar interaction in the satellite transitions imposes the requirement of a high degree of accuracy in the setting of the magic angle on the NMR probehead. The first-order quadrupolar interaction is only fully removed if the sample spinning angle, chi, equals cos(-1) (1/ root3) exactly and rotor synchronization is performed. The required level of accuracy is difficult to achieve experimentally, particularly when the quadrupolar interaction is large. If the magic angle is not set correctly, the first-order splitting is reintroduced and the spectral resolution is severely compromised. Recently, we have demonstrated a novel STMAS method (SCAM-STMAS) that is self-compensated for angle missets of up to V via coherence transfer between the two different satellite transitions ST+(m(1) = +3/2 <----> +1/2) and ST-(m, = -1/2 <----> -3/2) midway through the t(1) period. In this work we describe in more detail the implementation of SCAM-STMAS and demonstrate its wider utility through Na-23 (I = 3/2), Rb-87 (I = 3/2), Al-27 (I = 5/2), and Co-59 (I = 7/2) NMR. We discuss linewidths in SCAM-STMAS and the limits over which angle-misset compensation is achieved and we demonstrate that SCAM-STMAS is more tolerant of temporary spinning rate fluctuations than STMAS, resulting in less "t(1) noise" in the two-dimensional spectrum. In addition, alternative correlation experiments, for example involving the use of double-quantum coherences, that similarly display self-compensation for angle misset are investigated. The use of SCAM-STMAS is also considered in systems where other high-order interactions, such as third-order quadrupolar effects or second-order quadrupole-CSA cross-terms, are present. Finally, we show that the sensitivity of the experiment can be improved through the use of amplitude-modulated pulses. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-416
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Volume162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Keywords

  • RESIDUAL DIPOLAR COUPLINGS
  • SOLID-STATE NMR
  • HIGH-RESOLUTION NMR
  • MULTIPLE-QUANTUM
  • SPINNING NMR
  • MQMAS NMR
  • MAGNETIC-RESONANCE
  • SPECTROSCOPY
  • SENSITIVITY
  • SPECTRA

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