Sampling conditions for reliable routine detection by enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay of three ilarviruses in fruit trees

L. TORRANCE*, C. A. DOLBY

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to test plum trees for prune dwarf (PDV), Prunus necrotic ringspot (NRSV) and apple mosaic (ApMV) viruses, cherry trees for PDV and NRSV, and apple trees for ApMV. Optimum conditions were determined for sampling in large‐scale surveys for these viruses. All three viruses were detected throughout the growing season in individual samples of young leaves, or twigs with newly formed buds. However, when single infected leaves were combined with different numbers of healthy leaves, tests were most successful for all three viruses early in the growing season. PDV was detected in 1/40 (infected/total leaves) cherry leaves in April and May and 1/40 plum leaves until July, whereas NRSV was detected in 1/20 cherry leaves until July and 1/20 plum leaves until May. ApMV was detected in 1/20 apple or plum leaves until June but was detected less readily in mature leaves after June than either NRSV or PDV. There was no evidence of uneven distribution of virus infection in the trees. The viruses were detected in leaf samples kept for 8 wk at 3°C but freezing was less reliable for storage especially with ApMV. ApMV was detected in tests on plants held for several weeks at 25°C, and PDV and NRSV in plants held at 30°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-276
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Volume104
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1984

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