Room temperature polariton lasing in ladder-type oligo(p-phenylene)s with different π-conjugation lengths

Mengjie Wei, Mei Fang, Sai Kiran Rajendran, Wen-Yong Lai, Graham A. Turnbull, Ifor D. W. Samuel

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Abstract

Polariton lasing is coherent emission that originates from macroscopic accumulation of polariton population in the ground state, and is a promising route towards efficient coherent light sources as population inversion is not necessary. Unlike most Wannier‐Mott excitons in inorganic semiconductors, Frenkel excitons created in organic semiconductors have high oscillator strength and high exciton binding energy which sustain stable exciton‐polaritons at room temperature. Here, room temperature polariton lasing from a novel class of ladder‐type oligo(p‐phenylene)s is demonstrated. The polariton lasers exhibit a nonlinear increase of their spectrally integrated emission, a reduction in spectral linewidth, blue shift of emission peaks, and long‐range spatial coherence when the pump fluence is increased above threshold. By tuning the π‐conjugation length of the molecular structure, the polariton lasing wavelength can be changed from 430 nm to 457 nm. Optically pumped thresholds of 12 µJ cm−2 and 17 µJ cm−2 are observed, which are amongst the lowest values reported for polariton lasing in organic semiconductors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2000044
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Photonics Research
Volume2
Issue number1
Early online date23 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Conjugated oligomers
  • Ladder-type
  • Microcavities
  • Organic semiconductors
  • Strong coupling

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