Roman and local citizenship in the long second century CE

Myles Lavan (Editor), Clifford Ando (Editor)

Research output: Book/ReportBook

3 Citations (Scopus)


This volume offers a radical new history of Roman citizenship in the long century before Caracalla’s universal grant of citizenship in 212 CE. Earlier work portrayed the privileges of citizen status in this period as eroded by its wide diffusion. Building on recent scholarship that has revised downward estimates for the spread of citizenship, this work investigates the continuing significance of Roman citizenship in the domains of law, economics, and culture. From the writing of wills to the swearing of oaths and crafting of marriage, Roman citizens conducted affairs using forms and language that were often distinct from the populations among which they resided. Attending closely to patterns at the level of province, region, and city, this work offers a new portrait of the early Roman Empire, a world that sustained an exclusive regime of citizenship in a context of remarkable political and cultural integration.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages368
ISBN (Electronic)9780197573907
ISBN (Print)9780197573884
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2022

Publication series

NameOxford studies in early empires


  • Roman Empire
  • Citizenship
  • Legal history
  • Roman citizenship
  • Local citizenship


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