Risk factors for overweight and obesity within the home environment of preschool children in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Albert L. Kwansa, Robert Akparibo, Joanne E. Cecil, Gisele Infield Solar, Samantha J. Caton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is experiencing an increasing prevalence of young children being overweight and obese. Many feeding and physical activity-related behaviours are established at home during preschool years, yet the precise factors that contribute to preschool overweight and obesity have not been fully elucidated. This review aims to identify factors in the home environment associated with overweight and or obesity in preschool children in SSA. Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, Africa Journals Online (AJOL) and the African Index Medicus databases were systematically searched for qualitative and quantitative studies published between 2000 and 2021. Eleven studies (ten quantitative, one qualitative) met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the results highlight the paucity of studies exploring factors in the home environment associated with overweight and obesity in preschool children in Sub-Saharan Africa. The home food environment and maternal BMI appear to be important factors associated with overweight and obesity in preschool children; however, the information for all other factors explored remains unclear due to the lack of evidence. For successful obesity prevention and treatment interventions to be developed, more research in this area is required to understand how different aspects of the home environment contribute to overweight and obesity in preschool Sub-Saharan African children.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1706
Number of pages24
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Preschool
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Home environment

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