Rhodium(I) carbonyl complexes of tetradentate chalcogen functionalized phosphines, [P '(X)(CH2CH2P(X)Ph-2)(3)] {X = O, S, Se}: Synthesis, reactivity and catalytic carbonylation reaction

Biswajit Deb, Podma Pollov Sarmah, Kokil Saikia, Amy L. Fuller, Rebecca A. M. Randall, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, J. Derek Woollins, Dipak Kumar Dutta

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reaction of [Rh(CO)(2)Cl](2) with 0.5 mol equivalent of the ligands [P'(X)(CH2-CH2P(X)Ph-2)(3)](P'P3X4) {where X = O(a), S(b) and Se(c)} affords tetranuclear complexes of the type [Rh-4(CO)(8)Cl-4(P'P3X4)] (1a-1c). The complexes 1a-1c have been characterized by elemental analyses, mass spectrometry, IR and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, and the ligands b and c are structurally determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. 1a-1c undergo oxidative addition (OA) reactions with CH3I to generate Rh(III) oxidised products. Kinetic data for the reaction of 1a and 1b with excess CH3I indicate a pseudo first order reaction. The catalytic activity of 1a-1c for the carbonylation of methanol to acetic acid and its ester show a higher Turn Over Frequency (TOF 1349-1748 h(-1)) compared to the well-known species [Rh(CO)(2)I-2](-) (TOF = 1000 h(-1)) under the similar experimental conditions. However, 1b and 1c exhibit lower TOF than 1a, which may be due to the desulfurization and deselinization of the ligands in the respective complexes under the reaction conditions. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3279-3283
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Volume696
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Rhodium
  • Carbonyl complex
  • Chalcogen donor
  • Functionalized phosphine
  • Carbonylation
  • TRANSITION-METAL-COMPLEXES
  • OXIDATIVE ADDITION
  • DONOR LIGANDS
  • METHANOL CARBONYLATION
  • COORDINATION CHEMISTRY
  • TERTIARY PHOSPHINES
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • REGIOSELECTIVITY
  • HEMILABILITY
  • ACTIVATION

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