Review of offshore wind farm impact monitoring and mitigation with regard to marine mammals

Ursula K. Verfuss*, Carol E. Sparling, Charlie Arnot, Adrian Judd, Michael Coyle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

18 Citations (Scopus)


Monitoring and mitigation reports from 19 UK and 9 other European Union (EU) offshore wind farm (OWF) developments were reviewed, providing a synthesis of the evidence associated with the observed environmental impact on marine mammals. UK licensing conditions were largely concerned with mitigation measures reducing the risk of physical and auditory injury from pile driving. At the other EU sites, impact monitoring was conducted along with mitigation measures. Noise-mitigation measures were developed and tested in UK and German waters in German government-financed projects. We highlight some of the review’s findings and lessons learned with regard to noise impact on marine mammals.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019


  • Impact monitoring
  • Licensing procedure
  • Marine mammals
  • Mitigation
  • Offshore wind farm


Dive into the research topics of 'Review of offshore wind farm impact monitoring and mitigation with regard to marine mammals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this