Resource supply and the evolution of public-goods cooperation in bacteria

Michael A. Brockhurst, Angus Buckling, Dan Racey, Andy Gardner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Explaining public-goods cooperation is a challenge for evolutionary biology. However, cooperation is expected to more readily evolve if it imposes a smaller cost. Such costs of cooperation are expected to decline with increasing resource supply, an ecological parameter that varies widely in nature. We experimentally tested the effect of resource supply on the evolution of cooperation using two well-studied bacterial public-good traits: biofilm formation by Pseudomonas fluorescens and siderophore production by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Results: The frequency of cooperative bacteria increased with resource supply in the context of both bacterial public-good traits. In both cases this was due to decreasing costs of investment into public-goods cooperation with increasing resource supply.

Conclusion: Our empirical tests with bacteria suggest that public-goods cooperation is likely to increase with increasing resource supply due to reduced costs of cooperation, confirming that resource supply is an important factor in the evolution of cooperation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
Number of pages6
JournalBMC Biology
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2008


  • Pseudomonas-fluorescens
  • Pathogenic bacteria
  • Genetical evolution
  • Adaptive radiation
  • Virulence
  • Hypermutability
  • Aeruginosa


Dive into the research topics of 'Resource supply and the evolution of public-goods cooperation in bacteria'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this