Resonance maps for 3D Alfvén waves in a compressed dipole field

Andrew Wright*, Alexander Degeling*, Thomas Elsden

*Corresponding author for this work

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Resonance Maps depict the possible locations and polarisations of resonant Alfvén waves (Field Line Resonances – FLRs) for a given equilibrium and driving frequency. Previously the use of Resonance Maps has been developed for gaining insight into the behavior of Alfvén waves in basic potential magnetic fields that allow the use of an orthogonal field aligned coordinate system. In more general magnetic fields these coordinates do not exist. In this paper we explore the application of Resonance Maps to such equilibria. A number of simulations of resonant Alfvén waves are presented and interpreted using the Maps. We find that Resonance Maps remain useful when some of the constructions used previously are generalised to accommodate the properties of more general magnetic fields. For example, Resonance Maps are able to predict the location and polarisation of Alfvén waves which are driven strongly by fast mode waves using a “tangential alignment condition”. Unusual properties, such as Alfvén waves crossing flux surfaces persist in the more general magnetic fields we consider.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2022JA030294
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2022


  • Resonant Alfven waves
  • Nonuniform medium
  • Resonance Maps


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