Resolved millimeter-dust continuum cavity around the very low mass young star CIDA 1

Paola Pinilla, Antonella Natta, Carlo F. Manara, Luca Ricci, Aleks Scholz, Leonardo Testi

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Abstract

Context. Transition disks (TDs) are circumstellar disks with inner regions highly depleted in dust. TDs are observed in a small fraction of disk-bearing objects at ages of 1-10 Myr. They are important laboratories to study evolutionary effects in disks, from photoevaporation to planet-disk interactions.

Aims. We report the discovery of a large inner dust-empty region in the disk around the very low mass star CIDA 1 (M* ~0.1-0.2 M).

Methods. We used ALMA continuum observations at 887 μm, which provide a spatial resolution of 0." 21 x 0." 12(~15x8 au in radius at 140pc).

Results. The data show a dusty ring with a clear cavity of radius ~20 au, the typical characteristic of a TD. The emission in the ring is well described by a narrow Gaussian profile. The dust mass in the disk is ~17 M. CIDA 1 is one of the lowest mass stars with a clearly detected millimeter cavity. When compared to objects of similar stellar mass, it has a relatively massive dusty disk (less than ~5% of Taurus Class II disks in Taurus have a ratio of Mdisk/M* larger than CIDA 1) and a very high mass accretion rate (CIDA 1 is a disk with one of the lowest values of Mdisk/M ever observed). In light of these unusual parameters, we discuss a number of possible mechanisms that can be responsible for the formation of the dust cavity (e.g.,photoevaporation, dead zones, embedded planets, close binary). We find that an embedded planet of a Saturn mass or a close binary are the most likely possibilities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume615
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Accretion
  • Accretion disk
  • Circumstellar matter
  • Stars: premain-sequence-protoplanetary-disk-formation

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