Requirements engineering with viewpoints

G Kotonya, I Sommerville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

172 Citations (Scopus)


The requirements engineering process involves a clear understanding of the requirements of the intended system. This includes the services required of the system, the system users, its environment and associated constraints. This process involves the capture, analysis and resolution of many ideas, perspectives and relationships at varying levels of detail. Requirements methods based on global reasoning appear to lack the expressive framework to adequately articulate this distributed requirements knowledge structure. The paper describes the problems in trying to establish an adequate and stable set of requirements and proposes a viewpoint-oriented requirements definition (VORD) method as a means of tackling some of these problems. This method structures the requirements engineering process using viewpoints associated with sources of requirements. The paper describes VORD in the light of current viewpoint-oriented requirements approaches and shows how it improves on them. A simple example of a bank auto-teller system is used to demonstrate the method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518
Number of pages14
JournalSoftware Engineering Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1996


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