Relaxation oscillations and ultrafast emission pulses in a disordered expanding polariton condensate

Maciej Pieczarka, Marcin Syperek, Łukasz Dusanowski, Andrzej Opala, Fabian Langer, Christian Schneider, Sven Höfling, Grzegorz Sȩk

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Semiconductor microcavities are often influenced by structural imperfections, which can disturb the flow and dynamics of exciton-polariton condensates. Additionally, in exciton-polariton condensates there is a variety of dynamical scenarios and instabilities, owing to the properties of the incoherent excitonic reservoir. We investigate the dynamics of an exciton-polariton condensate which emerges in semiconductor microcavity subject to disorder, which determines its spatial and temporal behaviour. Our experimental data revealed complex burst-like time evolution under non-resonant optical pulsed excitation. The temporal patterns of the condensate emission result from the intrinsic disorder and are driven by properties of the excitonic reservoir, which decay in time much slower with respect to the polariton condensate lifetime. This feature entails a relaxation oscillation in polariton condensate formation, resulting in ultrafast emission pulses of coherent polariton field. The experimental data can be well reproduced by numerical simulations, where the condensate is coupled to the excitonic reservoir described by a set of rate equations. Theory suggests the existence of slow reservoir temporarily emptied by stimulated scattering to the condensate, generating ultrashort pulses of the condensate emission.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7470
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Early online date2 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017


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