Regional wind patterns likely shape a seasonal migration detour

R. Patchett, Will Cresswell

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Abstract

Migrating animals should optimise time and energy use when migrating, travelling directly to their destination. Detours from the most direct route may arise however because of barriers and weather conditions. Identifying how such situations arise from variable weather conditions is crucial to understand population response in the light of increased anthropogenic climate change. Here we used light-level geolocators to follow Cyprus wheatears for their full annual cycle in two separate years migrating between Cyprus, over the Mediterranean and the Sahara to winter in north-east sub-Saharan Africa. We predicted that any route detours would be related to wind conditions experienced during migration. We found that spring migration for all birds included an eastern detour, whilst autumn migrations were direct across the Sahara. The direct autumn migration was likely a consequence of consistent tail-winds, whilst the eastern detour in spring is likely to be more efficient given the wind conditions which are against a direct route. Such variable migration routes shaped by coincidence with prevailing winds are probably common suggesting that some birds may be able to adapt to future changes in wind conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02466
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Avian Biology
Volume51
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Bird migration
  • Geolocator
  • Loop migration
  • Migration detour
  • Wind

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