Refining C. wuellerstorfi and H. elegans Mg/Ca temperature calibrations

Elena Lo Giudice Cappelli, Marcus Regenberg, Ann Holbourn, Wolfgang Kuhnt, Dieter Garbe-Schoenberg, Nils Andersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present core top Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and δ18O measurements for Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi and Hoeglundina elegans from the Timor Sea and the Makassar Strait, which span a bottom water temperature (BWT) range from 2 to 18 °C. In both species Mg/Ca ratios are positively and significantly correlated with BWT, while δ18O measurements are significantly anti-correlated with BWT. Comparison of calcification temperatures derived from Mg/Ca ratios and δ18O measurements yield comparable results and closely match CTD-measured temperatures. We integrate our results with previously published data sets from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans and provide temperature calibration equations over the temperature range from 2 to 12 °C for H. elegans and from 0 to 10 °C for C. wuellerstorfi. We found geographical differences in the relation of benthic Mg/Ca ratios to BWT: C. wuellerstorfi shows Mg/Ca sensitivity to BWT of 19% increase in Mg/Ca per °C for the Atlantic Ocean and of 15% per °C for the Indian and Pacific Oceans. H. elegans shows Mg/Ca sensitivity to BWT of 16% increase in Mg/Ca per °C for the Atlantic Ocean and of 14% per °C for the Indian and Pacific Oceans. C. wuellerstorfi Sr/Ca variability appears to be mainly driven by carbonate ion saturation, whereas H. elegans Sr/Ca variability is closely linked to BWT in the compiled data sets from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-84
Number of pages15
JournalMarine Micropaleontology
Volume121
Early online date23 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Hoeglundina elegans
  • Cibicidoides wullerstorfi
  • Mg/Ca paleothermometry
  • Carbonate ion effect
  • Core top calibration
  • Timor Sea
  • Makassar Strait
  • Indonesia

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