Referral rates and waiting lists: some empirical evidence

Manouchehr Tavakoli, JA Goddard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides some empirical evidence on topics discussed at greater length in a recent paper in Health Economics (Goddard, J.A., Malek, M. and Tavakoli, M. Health Economics 1995; 4: 41-55), which modelled the relationship between referral rates and waiting lists for hospital treatment for non-urgent conditions within a queuing theory framework. Here, we estimate a version of the demand function used in this model, with panel data for Scottish Health Board Areas during the period 1990-1992. Separate models are estimated for each of six broadly defined 'waiting list' specialisms, for which we have data on referral rates and wailing times. The six specialisms are General Surgery, Ear Nose and Throat Surgery, Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics and Urology. (C) 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-549
Number of pages5
JournalHealth Economics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1998


  • referral rates
  • waiting lists


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