Reactivation of NADH Dehydrogenase (Complex I) Inhibited by 1‐Methyl‐4‐(4′‐Alkylphenyl)pyridinium Analogues: A Clue to the Nature of the Inhibition Site

Matthew J. Krueger, Sergey O. Sablin, Rona Ramsay, Thomas P. Singer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Expression of the neurotoxicity of 1‐methyl‐4‐phenyl‐1.2,3,6‐tetrahydropyridine, following oxidation to l‐methyl‐4‐phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), is believed to involve inhibition of mitochondrial electron transport from NADH dehydrogenase (complex l) to ubquinone. MPP+ and its analogues have been shown to Mock electron transport at or near the same site as two powerful inhibitors of mitochondrial respiration, rotenone and piericidin A. All three types of inhibitors combine at two sites on NADH dehydrogenase, a hydrophilic and hydrophobic one, and occupancy of both sites is required for complete inhibition. Tetraphenylboron anion (TPB) in catalytic amounts is known to increase the effectiveness of positively charged MPP+ analogues in blodclng mitochondrial respiration. A part of this effect involves facitation of the entry of MPP+ oongeners into the hydrophobic site by ion pairing, as has been demonstrated in studies with submitochondrial particles (electron transport particles). This communication documents the fact that TPB, when present in molar excess over the MPP+ analogues, reverses the inhibition. This seems to involve again strong ion pairing. removal of the inhibitory analogue from one to the two binding sites, and concentration of the inhibitor in the membrane, so that only the hydrophobic binding site remains occupied, resulting in lowering of the inhibiti to 30–40%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1546-1548
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993

Keywords

  • 1‐Methyl‐4‐phenylpyridinium
  • Complex l
  • NADH dehydrogenase
  • Rotenone site
  • Tetraphenylboron

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