Quality of experience in ICN: keep your low-bitrate close, and high-bitrate closer

Wenjie Li, Sharief M.A. Oteafy, Marwan Fayed, Hossam S. Hassanein

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Recent studies into streaming media delivery suggest that performance gains from cache hierarchies such as Information-Centric Networks (ICNs) may be negated by Dynamic Adaptive Streaming (DAS), the de facto method for retrieving multimedia content. The bitrate adaptation mechanisms that drive video streaming clash with caching hierarchies in ways that affect users' Quality of Experience (QoE). Cache performance also diminishes as consumers dynamically select content encoded at different bitrates. In this paper we use the evidence to draw a novel insight: in a cache hierarchy for adaptive streaming content, bitrates should be prioritized over or alongside popularity and hit rates. We build on this insight to propose RippleCache as a family of cache placement schemes that safeguard high-bitrate content at the edge and push low-bitrate content into the network core. Doing so reduces contention of cache resources, as well as congestion in the network. To validate RippleCache claims we construct two separate implementations. We design RippleClassic as a benchmark solution that optimizes content placement by maximizing a measure for cache hierarchies shown to have high correlation with QoE. In addition, our lighter-weight RippleFinder is then re-designed with distributed execution for application in large-scale systems. RippleCache performance gains are reinforced by evaluations in NS-3 against state-of-the-art baseline approaches, using standard measures of QoE as defined by the DASH Industry Forum. Measurements show that RippleClassic and RippleFinder deliver content that suffers less oscillation and rebuffering, as well as the highest levels of video quality, indicating overall improvements to QoE.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
VolumeEarly access
Early online date29 Dec 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Dec 2020


  • Information Centric Network
  • Named Data Networking
  • Dynamic Adaptive Streaming
  • In-network caching
  • Bitrate oscillation


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