Proxy records of climate change in the UK over the last two millennia: documented change and sedimentary records from lakes and bogs

KE Barber, RW Battarbee, SJ Brooks, G Eglinton, William Edward Newns Austin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This project of collaborative research (project IIa of the NERC TIGGER programme-Terrestrial Initiative in Global Geological Environmental Research) into the climatic history of the late Holocene used a variety of techniques, both tested and experimental, on carefully chosen sites in lowland and upland environments, to derive high quality proxy-records of climatic change over the last 2000 years. The methodology involved the use of high-resolution analyses (diatoms, cladocera, chironomids, ostracods, magnetics, pollen, macrofossils, humification. lipid biomarkers and stable-isotopes) of the stratigraphy of well-dared (AMS and conventional C-14, Pb-210, pollen, tephra, SCP spheroidal carbonaceous particles) cores from a remote montane lake and lowland lakes, and from a montane blanket and a lowland raised bog. linked to historical records of climate change. This paper reviews some of the major results obtained, both in the magnitude, synchroneity and periodicity of change, especially during the Little Ice Age. and in the evaluation of the various techniques used. The fact that such techniques can be validated and calibrated against a known climatic signal in the recent past, allows for better interpretation of changes in the more distant past.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-380
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Volume156
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999

Keywords

  • Holocene
  • climate
  • palaeolimnology
  • pear
  • proxy records
  • PEAT
  • IRELAND

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