Protest, politics and produce: a resource account of anti-genetically modified organism activism

Darren McCauley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Activism research is over-reliant on social psychological frameworks emphasising framing or ideological-based explanations. The current underdevelopment of resource-based accounts requires urgent attention from social movement scholars. Stressing the rationality of social movement actors, resource mobilisation theory is used to assess and understand the empirical validity of resource-driven social mobilisation. Anti-genetically modified organism (GMO) activism in France is selected as a uniquely ripe context for exploring resource mobilisation. A resource-based examination reveals why, when and how key anti-GMO movement actors differentiated their strategies on the basis of protest, politics and produce. A new framework is proposed to encompass key variables around material, human and network-based resources. It is argued that resource mobilisation research designs need to move beyond financially driven causal arguments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)34-49
    JournalLocal Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability
    Issue number1
    Early online date12 Jul 2013
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2015


    • Resource mobilisation
    • Social movements
    • Environmental movements
    • Action repertoires
    • Activism
    • Genetically modified organisms


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