Prospects for versatile phase manipulation in the TEM: beyond aberration correction

G. Guzzinati, L. Clark, A. Béché, R. Juchtmans, R. Van Boxem, M. Mazilu, J. Verbeeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we explore the desirability of a transmission electron microscope in which the phase of the electron wave can be freely controlled. We discuss different existing methods to manipulate the phase of the electron wave and their limitations. We show how with the help of current techniques the electron wave can already be crafted into specific classes of waves each having their own peculiar properties. Assuming a versatile phase modulation device is feasible, we explore possible benefits and methods that could come into existence borrowing from light optics where the so-called spatial light modulators provide programmable phase plates for quite some time now. We demonstrate that a fully controllable phase plate building on Harald Rose's legacy in aberration correction and electron optics in general would open an exciting field of research and applications. Highlights:
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
Early online date22 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015


  • Vortex
  • Holography
  • Aberration correction
  • Electron optics
  • Airy waves


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