Properties of Scottish isolates of cocksfoot mild mosaic virus and their comparison with others


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Two isolates of cocksfoot mild mosaic virus obtained from cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata) in Scotland differed in symptomatology, and apparently in host range, from isolates obtained in Germany and Wales. They were serologically more closely related to a Dutch isolate from cocksfoot, and to a Scottish isolate from timothy (Phleum pratense), than was the German isolate from cocksfoot. The Scottish isolate from timothy was somewhat more virulent than, but serologically closely related to a Welsh isolate from timothy. Particles of Scottish isolates from cocksfoot and timothy were best preserved for electron microscopy by fixation with osmium tetroxide. In 1.0 m KCl or 0.01 m ethylene diamine tetraacetate they were stable at pH 5.2–5.3 but unstable above pH 7; they were disrupted by 0.5% sodium dodecyl sulphate. The particles contained major and minor RNA components of mol. wt c. 1.5. 106(RNA‐1) and 0.5. 106(RNA‐2) respectively, together with polydisperse RNA of intermediate mol. wt and protein of mol. wt c. 27 000. In CsCl gradients, major and minor nucleoprotein components of density 1.39 and 1.38 g/ml respectively were distinguished. The less dense particles contained a larger proportion of intermediate‐sized RNA molecules and of RNA‐2, and a smaller proportion of RNA‐1, than did the denser particles. Particles seem to contain either RNA‐1 or various combinations of smaller RNA molecules. Despite the differences in antigenic constitution, symptomatology and particle stability between virus isolates obtained from cocksfoot and timothy in different countries, these isolates seem sufficiently similar to be considered one virus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-295
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1981


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