Propagation-induced changes in non-isotropically correlated vector vortex beams

Manisha*, S.N. Khan, S. Joshi, P. Senthilkumaran, B. Kanseri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study the propagation of non-isotropically correlated vector vortex beams (NCVVBs) through an ABCD optical system. The statistical properties, namely, intensity, state of polarization, degree of polarization (DoP), and degree of coherence (DoC) of these beams are investigated. The terminology non-isotropically correlated is used for electromagnetic Gaussian Schell-model beams, that exhibit the distinguishability of spatial correlations between parallel and orthogonal electric field components. The non-isotropic feature of the correlation widths introduces an azimuthal asymmetry in the intensity, DoP, and DoC distributions. The azimuthal asymmetry in the intensity and DoC distributions become prominent around the focal plane. However, this asymmetry can be clearly observed in DoP distributions even at a very short propagation distance. It is found that the statistical properties of NCVVBs are dependent on both Poincaré-Hopf index (PHI) and the source correlation parameters. The number of beamlets in the intensity distribution is twice the magnitude of the PHI of the input beam. Unlike isotropically correlated vector vortex beams, correlation-induced polarization around the central core of the NCVVB is observed. The DoC distribution exhibits the evolution of correlation singularities in the form of dislocations at the far field plane. These dislocations in the DoC profile under lower correlations depend on the PHI, which provides a feasible approach to measure the index of NCVVBs. This study provides a technique to synthesize beams with structured correlation and polarization features.
Original languageEnglish
Article number065601
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Optics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2023


  • Correlation singularity
  • Non-isotropic correlation
  • Polarization singularity


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