Preparation and property-performance relationships in samarium-doped ceria nanopowders for solid oxide fuel cell electrolytes

Marcin Robert Kosinski, R.T. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


In a systematic study, Samarium doped ceria (SDC) nanopowders, SmxCe1-xO2-x/2 (x = 0.1, 0.2 or 0.3), were prepared by a low temperature citrate complexation route. The synthesis and crystallisation of the SDC powders were followed by thermochemical techniques (TGA/DTA). X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, specific surface area determination (BET) and electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Mean crystallite sizes were found to be around 10 nm for all compositions calcined at 500 degrees C. Dense electrolyte bodies were prepared at 1300 degrees C, 1400 degrees C and 1450 degrees C using two sintering times, 4 h or 6 h. Densities of 91-97% of theoretical were obtained, with a marked improvement in density on going from 1300 degrees C to higher sintering temperatures. Grain size analysis was conducted using SEM. Grain size distributions were related to %Sm and sintering conditions. Impedance spectroscopy was used to determine the total, bulk and grain boundary conductivities, the related activation energies and enthalpies of defect association and ion migration. Sintering at 1400 degrees C/6 h or 1450 degrees C/4 h gave superior grain structure and conductivity, with oversintering occurring after more severe treatments. At 600 degrees C the highest total ionic conductivity was 1.81 x 10(-2) S cm(-1) for Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9. The relationships between chemical composition, sintering parameters, grain structure and electrochemical performance are discussed. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2498-2512
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number5
Early online date13 Nov 2010
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011


  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Electrolyte
  • Samarium-doped ceria
  • Nanopowder
  • Microstructure
  • Conductivity
  • CO
  • SM
  • CEO2


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