Predicted MOND velocity dispersions for a catalog of ultra-diffuse galaxies in group environments

Oliver Müller, Benoit Famaey, Hongsheng Zhao

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Abstract

The possibility that ultra-diffuse galaxies are lacking dark matter has recently stimulated interest to check the validity of modified Newton dynamics (MOND) predictions on the scale of such galaxies. It has been shown that the external field effect (EFE) induced by the close-by galaxy can suppress the velocity dispersion of these systems, so that they appear almost dark matter free in the Newtonian context. Here, following up on this, we are making a priori predictions for the velocity dispersion of 22 ultra-diffuse galaxies in the nearby Universe. This sample can be used to test MOND and the EFE with future follow-up measurements. We have constructed a catalog of nearby ultra-diffuse galaxies in galaxy group environments, and set upper and lower limits for the possible velocity dispersion allowed in MOND, taking into account possible variations in the mass-to-light ratio of the dwarf and in the distance to the galaxy group. The prediction for the velocity dispersion is made as a function of the three dimensional separation of the dwarf to its host. In 17 out of 22 cases, the EFE plays a crucial role in the prediction.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA36
Number of pages9
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume623
Early online date28 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • Galaxies: dwarf
  • Cosmology: theory

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