Precision measurement of a brown dwarf mass in a binary system in the microlensing event OGLE-2019-BLG-0033/MOA-2019-BLG-035

A. Herald, A. Udalski, V. Bozza, P. Rota, I. A. Bond, J. C. Yee, S. Sajadian, P. Mroz, R. Poleski, J. Skowron, M. K. Szymanski, I. Soszynski, P. Pietrukowicz, S. Kozlowski, K. Ulaczyk, K. A. Rybicki, P. Iwanek, M. Wrona, M. Gromadzki, F. AbeR. Barry, D. P. Bennett, A. Bhattacharya, A. Fukui, H. Fujii, Y. Hirao, Y. Itow, R. Kirikawa, I. Kondo, N. Koshimoto, Y. Matsubara, S. Matsumoto, S. Miyazaki, Y. Muraki, G. Olmschenk, C. Ranc, A. Okamura, N. J. Rattenbury, Y. Satoh, T. Sumi, D. Suzuki, S. Ishitani Silva, T. Toda, P. J. Tristram, A. Vandorou, H. Yama, C. A. Beichman, G. Bryden, S. Calchi Novati, S. Carey, B. S. Gaudi, A. Gould, C. B. Henderson, S. Johnson, Y. Shvartzvald, W. Zhu, M. Dominik, M. Hundertmark, U. G. Jorgensen, P. Longa-Pena, J. Skottfelt, J. Tregloan-Reed, N. Bach-Møller, M. Burgdorf, G. D'Ago, L. Haikala, J. Hitchcock, E. Khalouei, N. Peixinho, S. Rahvar, C. Snodgrass, J. Southworth, P. Spyratos, W. Zang, H. Yang, S. Mao, E. Bachelet, D. Maoz, R. A. Street, Y. Tsapras, G. W. Christie, T. Cooper, L. de Almeida, J.-D., Jr do Nascimento, J. Green, C. Han, S. Hennerley, A. Marmont, J. McCormick, L. A. G. Monard, T. Natusch, R. Pogge

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Abstract

Context. Brown dwarfs are poorly understood transition objects between stars and planets, with several competing mechanisms having been proposed for their formation. Mass measurements are generally difficult for isolated objects but also for brown dwarfs orbiting low-mass stars, which are often too faint for spectroscopic follow-up. Aims. Microlensing provides an alternative tool for the discovery and investigation of such faint systems. Here we present the analysis of the microlensing event OGLE-2019-BLG-0033/MOA-2019-BLG-035, which is due to a binary system composed of a brown dwarf orbiting a red dwarf. Methods. Thanks to extensive ground observations and the availability of space observations from Spitzer, it has been possible to obtain accurate estimates of all microlensing parameters, including parallax, source radius and orbital motion of the binary lens. Results. After accurate modeling, we find that the lens is composed of a red dwarf with mass M1 = 0.149 ± 0.010M⊙ and a brown dwarf with mass M2 = 0.0463 ± 0.0031M⊙, at a projected separation of a ⊥ = 0.585 au. The system has a peculiar velocity that is typical of old metal-poor populations in the thick disk. Percent precision in the mass measurement of brown dwarfs has been achieved only in a few microlensing events up to now, but will likely become common with the Roman space telescope.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA100
Number of pages13
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume633
Early online date19 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Gravitational lensing: micro
  • Binaries: general
  • Brown dwarfs
  • Stars: low mass

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