Political parties in MENA: their functions and development

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This article provides an overview of the development of parties and party systems in the MENA region from early oligarchic pluralism to the mass single-party systems of the populist era and the limited multi-party experiments of the 1990s era of political liberalization. The survey shows how parties develop in parallel with the deepening of politicization and become nearly indispensable adjuncts in the construction of political order. The article then examines parties in the post-2010 period, with case studies of Turkey, Egypt, and Tunisia demonstrating how very different configurations of party development dramatically impact on regime trajectories, ranging from democratization to hybrid regimes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-175
Number of pages17
JournalBritish Journal of Middle Eastern Studies
Issue number2
Early online date7 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2017


  • Political Parties
  • Middle East
  • Arab Uprisings
  • Party Systems


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