Polarization of magnetospheric ULF waves excited by an interplanetary shock on 27 February 2014

Kazue Takahashi*, Tom Elsden, Andrew Nicholas Wright, Alexander Degeling

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Many previous studies have reported that magnetospheric ultralow frequency waves excited by interplanetary shocks exhibit a strong toroidal component, corresponding to azimuthal displacement of magnetic field lines. However, the toroidal oscillations excited by an interplanetary shock on 27 February 2014 and observed on the dayside by multiple spacecraft were accompanied by a strong poloidal component (radial field line displacement). The frequency of the toroidal oscillations changed with the radial distance of the spacecraft as expected for standing Alfvén waves. We run a 3-D linear numerical simulation of this wave event using a model magnetosphere with a realistic radial variation of the Alfvén velocity. The simulated wave fields, when sampled at a radial distance comparable to those of the observations in the real magnetosphere, exhibit polarization similar to the observations. In the simulation, the poloidal component comes from radially standing fast mode waves and the toroidal component results from a field line resonance driven by the fast mode waves. As a consequence, the relative amplitude and phase of the toroidal and poloidal components change with radial distance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • ULF waves
  • Interplanetary shock
  • Polarization
  • Toroidal waves
  • Poloidal waves

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