Plant introductions, hybridization and gene flow

Richard John Abbott, JK James, RI Milne, ACM Gillies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many regional floras contain a high proportion of recently introduced plant species. Occasionally, hybridization between an introduced species and another species (introduced or native) can result in interspecific gene flow. This may occur even in instances where the F, hybrid shows very high sterility, but occasionally produces a few viable gametes. We provide examples of gene flow occurring between some rhododendrons recently introduced to the British flora, and between an introduced and native Senecio species. Neutral molecular markers have normally been employed to obtain evidence of interspecific gene flow, but the challenge now is to isolate and characterize functional introgressed genes and to determine how they affect the fitness of introgressants and whether they improve adaptation to novel habitats allowing introgressants to expand the range of a species. We outline a candidate gene approach for isolating and characterizing an allele of the PAY gene in Senecio vulgaris, which is believed to have introgressed from S. squalidus, and which causes the production of ray florets in flower heads. We discuss the effects of this introgressed allele on individual fitness, including those that originate directly from the production of ray florets plus those that may arise from pleiotropy and/or linkage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1123-1132
Number of pages10
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B
Volume358
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2003

Keywords

  • introduced plants
  • hybridization
  • gene flow
  • introgression
  • candidate genes
  • adaptation
  • SENECIO-VULGARIS-L
  • RAY FLORET LOCUS
  • VAR HIBERNICUS SYME
  • NON-RADIATE MORPHS
  • OUTCROSSING FREQUENCY
  • CAMBRENSIS ROSSER
  • RHODODENDRON-PONTICUM
  • NATURAL-POPULATIONS
  • SQUALIDUS L
  • GROUNDSEL

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