Planet-induced radio emission from the coronae of M dwarfs: the case of Prox Cen and AU Mic

Robert D Kavanagh, Aline A Vidotto, Baptiste Klein, Moira M Jardine, Jean-François Donati, Dúalta Ó Fionnagáin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There have recently been detections of radio emission from low-mass stars, some of which are indicative of star-planet interactions. Motivated by these exciting new results, in this paper we present Alfvén wave-driven stellar wind models of the two active planet-hosting M dwarfs Prox Cen and AU Mic. Our models incorporate large-scale photospheric magnetic field maps reconstructed using the Zeeman-Doppler Imaging method. We obtain a mass-loss rate of 0.25 Ṁ⊙ for the wind of Prox Cen. For the young dwarf AU Mic, we explore two cases: a low and high mass-loss rate. Depending on the properties of the Alfvén waves which heat the corona in our wind models, we obtain mass-loss rates of 27 and 590 Ṁ⊙ for AU Mic. We use our stellar wind models to assess the generation of electron cyclotron maser instability emission in both systems, through a mechanism analogous to the sub-Alfvénic Jupiter-Io interaction. For Prox Cen we do not find any feasible scenario where the planet can induce radio emission in the star’s corona, as the planet orbits too far from the star in the super-Alfvénic regime. However, in the case that AU Mic has a stellar wind mass-loss rate of 27 Ṁ⊙⁠, we find that both planets b and c in the system can induce radio emission from ∼10 MHz – 3 GHz in the corona of the host star for the majority of their orbits, with peak flux densities of ∼10 mJy. Detection of such radio emission would allow us to place an upper limit on the mass-loss rate of the star.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
VolumeAdvance Article
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 5 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Stars: individual: Proxima Centauri
  • AU Microscopii
  • Stars: winds, outflows
  • Stars: mass-loss
  • Stars: magnetic field
  • Radio continuum: planetary systems

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