Photoionising feedback in star cluster formation

JE Dale, Ian Alexander Bonnell, CJ Clarke, MR Bate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the first ever hydrodynamic calculations of star cluster formation that incorporate the effect of feedback from ionizing radiation. In our simulations, the ionizing source forms in the cluster core at the intersection of several dense filaments of inflowing gas. We show that these filaments collimate ionized outflows and suggest such an environmental origin for at least some observed outflows in regions of massive star formation. Our simulations show both positive feedback (i.e. promotion of star formation in neutral gas compressed by expanding H II regions) and negative feedback (i.e. suppression of the accretion flow in to the central regions). We show that the volume filling factor of ionized gas is very different in our simulations from the result from the case where the central source interacted with an azimuthally smoothed gas density distribution. As expected, gas density is the key parameter in determining whether or not clusters are unbound by photoionizing radiation. Nevertheless, we find - on account of the acceleration of a small fraction of the gas to high velocities in the outflows - that the deposition in the gas of an energy that exceeds the binding energy of the cluster is not a sufficient criterion for unbinding the bulk of the cluster mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291
Number of pages291
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume358
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2005

Keywords

  • stars : formation
  • HII regions
  • H-II REGIONS
  • MASSIVE MOLECULAR CLOUDS
  • YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS
  • RADIATIVE-TRANSFER
  • SUPERNOVA EXPLOSIONS
  • DYNAMICAL EVOLUTION
  • IONIZING-RADIATION
  • DWARF GALAXIES
  • CLUMPY MEDIUM
  • HII-REGIONS

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