Phloem connectivity and transport are not involved in mature plant resistance (MPR) to Potato Virus Y in different potato cultivars, and MPR does not protect tubers from recombinant strains of the virus

Pankaj Kumar, Graham H Cowan, Julie N Squires, Christine A Hackett, Alyson K Tobin, Lesley Torrance, Alison G Roberts*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The aims of this study were: i) to investigate mature plant resistance (MPR) against four strains of Potato virus Y (PVYO, PVYN, PVYNTN and PVYN−Wi) in potato cultivars that differ in maturity (e.g. early or maincrop) at different developmental stages, and ii) to determine whether phloem translocation of photoassimilates at different stages including the source-sink transition influences MPR. The data showed that MPR was functional by the flowering stage in all cultivars, and that the host-pathogen interaction is highly complex, with all three variables (potato cultivar, virus strain and developmental stage of infection) having a significant effect on the outcome. However, virus strain was the most important factor, and MPR was less effective in protecting tubers from recombinant virus strains (PVYNTN and PVYN−Wi). Development of MPR was unrelated to foliar phloem connectivity, which was observed at all developmental stages, but a switch from symplastic to apoplastic phloem unloading early in tuber development may be involved in the prevention of tuber infections with PVYO. Recombinant virus strains were more infectious than parental strains and PVYNTN has a more effective silencing suppressor than PVYO, another factor that may contribute to the efficiency of MPR. The resistance conferred by MPR against PVYO or PVYN may be associated with or enhanced by the presence of the corresponding strain-specific HR resistance gene in the cultivar.
Original languageEnglish
Article number153729
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Plant Physiology
Volume275
Early online date18 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Potato virus Y
  • Mature plant resistance
  • Phloem transport
  • Potato tuber development
  • Virus movement

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Phloem connectivity and transport are not involved in mature plant resistance (MPR) to Potato Virus Y in different potato cultivars, and MPR does not protect tubers from recombinant strains of the virus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this