Phase diagram of CeSb2 from magnetostriction and magnetization measurements: evidence for ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic states

Christopher Trainer, Caiden Abel, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Paul C. Canfield, Peter Wahl

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Abstract

Cerium diantimonide (CeSb2) is one of a family of rare-earth-based magnetic materials that exhibit metamagnetism, enabling control of the magnetic ground state through an applied magnetic field. At low temperatures, CeSb2 hosts a rich phase diagram with multiple magnetically ordered phases for many of which the order parameter is only poorly understood. In this paper, we report a study of its metamagnetic properties by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and magnetization measurements. We use STM measurements to characterize the sample magnetostriction with subpicometer resolution from magnetic field and temperature sweeps. This allows us to directly assess the bulk phase diagram as a function of field and temperature and relate spectroscopic features from tunneling spectroscopy to bulk phases. Our magnetostriction and magnetization measurements indicate that the low-temperature ground state at zero field is ferrimagnetic. Quasiparticle interference mapping shows evidence for a reconstruction of the electronic structure close to the Fermi energy upon entering the magnetically ordered phase.
Original languageEnglish
Article number205134
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Volume104
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2021

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