Perceived value threats are related to fear of health impairments

Marina Iosifian, Galina Arina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Health impairments are problems in the body and mental functioning, which can be a result of a disease or side effects of treatment. Fear of health impairments plays an important role in decision-making and behavior. People might fear health impairments because of their beliefs about their dangerousness, but also because these impairments threaten important values. However, while the role of cognitive appraisal in the fear of health impairments is investigated, the role of motivation is less clear. To fill this gap, this study analyzed the role of values as motivational constructs in the fear of cognitive, motor, and sensory  impairments, as well as impairments of reproductive functions and disfiguring impairments. Participants evaluated these health impairments as frightening or not. They also evaluated how these health impairments may threaten values and reported their value priorities. Health impairments are believed to threaten personally focused values (openness to change and self-enhancement) more than socially focused values (conservation and self-transcendence). Threats to personally focused values are related to higher fear of health impairments.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages20
JournalThe Journal of Social Psychology
VolumeLatest Articles
Early online date26 Oct 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Oct 2021


  • Fear
  • Values
  • Health
  • Threats
  • Perceived values


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