PELDOR measurements on a Nitroxide Labeled Cu(II) Porphyrin: Orientation Selection, Spin-Density Distribution and Conformational Flexibility

Bela Ernest Bode, Jörn Plackmeyer, Thomas F. Prinser, Olav Schiemann

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96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metal ions are functionally or structurally important centers in metalloproteins or RNAs, which makes them interesting targets for spectroscopic investigations. In combination with site-directed spin labeling, pulsed electron-electron double resonance (PELDOR or DEER) could be a well-suited method to characterize and localize them. Here, we report on the synthesis, full characterization, and PELDOR study of a copper(II) porphyrin/nitroxide model system. The X-band PELDOR time traces contain besides the distance information a convolution of orientational selectivity, conformational flexibility, exchange coupling, and spin density distribution, which can be deconvoluted by experiments with different frequency offsets and simulations. The simulations are based on the known experimental and spin Hamiltonian parameters and make use of a geometric model as employed for structurally similar bis-nitroxides and spin density parameters as obtained from density functional theory calculations. It is found that orientation selection with respect to dipolar angles is only weakly resolvable at X-band frequencies due to the large nitrogen hyperfine coupling of the copper porphyrin. On the other hand, the PELDOR time traces reveal a much faster oscillation damping than observed for structurally similar bis-nitroxides, which is mainly assigned to a small distribution in exchange couplings J. Taking the effects of orientation selectivity, distribution in J, and spin density distribution into account leads finally to a narrow distance distribution caused solely by the flexibility of the structure, which is in agreement with distributions from known bis-nitroxides of similar structure. Thus, X-band PELDOR measurements at different frequency offsets in combination with explicit time trace simulations allow for distinguishing between structural models and quantitative interpretation of copper-nitroxide PELDOR data gives access to localization of copper(II) ions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5064-5073
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume112
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2008

Keywords

  • ELECTRON DOUBLE-RESONANCE
  • METAL-ION BINDING
  • EPR DISTANCE MEASUREMENTS
  • PULSED ELECTRON
  • PARAMAGNETIC-RESONANCE
  • RIBONUCLEOTIDE REDUCTASE
  • COFACIAL BISPORPHYRINS
  • COPPER(II) PORPHYRINS
  • HAMMERHEAD RIBOZYME
  • DISORDERED SOLIDS

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