Pattern of primary tuberculosis drug resistance and associated treatment outcomes in Transnistria, Moldova

O Dolgusev, N Obevzenco, O Padalco, S Pankrushev, A Ramsay, R Van den Bergh, M Manzi, O Denisiuk, R Zachariah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This cohort study assessed drug susceptibility testing (DST) patterns and associated treatment outcomes from Transnistria, Moldova, from 2009 to 2012. Of 1089 newly registered tuberculosis (TB) patients with available DST results, 556 (51%) had some form of drug resistance, while 369 (34%) had multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). There were four cases of extensively drug-resistant TB. MDR-TB patients had poor treatment success (45%); human immunodeficiency virus positivity and a history of incarceration were associated with an unfavourable treatment outcome. This first study from Trans-nistria shows a high level of drug-resistant TB, which constitutes a major public health problem requiring urgent attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S64-6
JournalPublic health action
Volume4
Issue numberSuppl 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2014

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