## Abstract

We constrain flat cosmological models with a joint likelihood analysis of a new compilation of data from the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and from the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS). Fitting the CMB alone yields a known degeneracy between the Hubble constant h and the matter density Omega(m), which arises mainly from preserving the location of the peaks in the angular power spectrum. This 'horizon-angle degeneracy' is considered in some detail and is shown to follow the simple relation Omega(m) h(3.4) = constant. Adding the 2dFGRS power spectrum constrains Omega(m) h and breaks the degeneracy. If tensor anisotropies are assumed to be negligible, we obtain values for the Hubble constant of h = 0.665 +/- 0.047, the matter density Omega(m) = 0.313 +/- 0.055, and the physical cold dark matter and baryon densities Omega(c)h(2) = 0.115 +/- 0.009, Omega(b)h(2) = 0.022 +/- 0.002 (standard rms errors). Including a possible tensor component causes very little change to these figures; we set an upper limit to the tensor-to-scalar ratio of r < 0.7 at a 95 per cent confidence level. We then show how these data can be used to constrain the equation of state of the vacuum, and find w < -0.52 at 95 per cent confidence. The preferred cosmological model is thus very well specified, and we discuss the precision with which future CMB data can be predicted, given the model assumptions. The 2dFGRS power-spectrum data and covariance matrix, and the CMB data compilation used here, are available from http://www.roe.ac.uk/similar towjp/.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1068-1080 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society |

Volume | 337 |

Publication status | Published - 11 Dec 2002 |

## Keywords

- cosmic microwave background
- cosmological parameters
- large-scale structure of Universe
- GALAXY REDSHIFT SURVEY
- ANISOTROPIES
- CONSTANT
- UNIVERSE
- MATTER
- SUPERNOVAE
- EQUATION
- STATE