Oxygen ion conductivity in ceria-based electrolytes co-doped with samarium and gadolinium

Alice V. Coles-Aldridge, Richard T. Baker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In a systematic study, two compositional series of ceria-based oxides, both co-doped with Sm and Gd, were synthesised using a low temperature method and evaluated as oxygen ion-conducting electrolytes for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (IT-SOFCs). Series one, Ce1-2xSmxGdxO2-x, had equal concentrations of Sm and Gd but varying total dopant concentration. Series two, Ce0.825SmxGd0.175-xO1.9125, had a fixed total dopant concentration but the Sm:Gd concentration ratio was varied. The materials were characterised using scanning and transmission electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and X-ray diffraction. Impedance spectra were recorded on dense pellets of these materials. From these, total, bulk and grain boundary conductivities and capacitances along with activation energies, pre-exponential constants and enthalpies of ion migration and defect association were obtained. These gave a detailed insight into the fundamental conduction processes in the materials. Ce0.825Sm0.0875Gd0.0875O1.9125 had the highest total ionic conductivity at temperatures of 550 °C and above and also demonstrated an enhanced conductivity with respect to its singly-doped parent compounds, Ce0.825Sm0.175O1.9125 and Ce0.825Gd0.175O1.9125, at 400 °C and above. This compares favourably with previously-reported values and has promising implications for the development of IT-SOFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115255
JournalSolid State Ionics
Early online date14 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Activation energy
  • Ceria
  • Doping
  • Electrolyte
  • Ionic conductivity
  • Solid oxide fuel cell


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