Orbits of primitive k-homogenous groups on (n-k)-partitions with applications to semigroups

João Araújo, Wolfram Bentz, Peter Jephson Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to advance our knowledge of two of the most classic and popular topics in transformation semigroups: automorphisms and the size of minimal generating sets. In order to do this, we examine the k-homogeneous permutation groups (those which act transitively on the subsets of size k of their domain X) where |X|=n and k<n/2. In the process we obtain, for k-homogeneous groups, results on the minimum numbers of generators, the numbers of orbits on k-partitions, and their normalizers in the symmetric group. As a sample result, we show that every finite 2-homogeneous group is 2-generated. Underlying our investigations on automorphisms of transformation semigroups is the following conjecture: If a transformation semigroup S contains singular maps, and its group of units is a primitive group G of permutations, then its automorphisms are all induced (under conjugation) by the elements in the normalizer of G in the symmetric group.
For the special case that S contains all constant maps, this conjecture was proved correct, more than 40 years ago. In this paper, we prove that the conjecture also holds for the case of semigroups containing a map of rank 3 or less. The effort in establishing this result suggests that further improvements might be a great challenge. This problem and several additional ones on permutation groups, transformation semigroups and computational algebra, are proposed in the end of the paper.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-136
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Volume371
Issue number1
Early online date3 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Permutation group
  • Transformation semigroup
  • Automorphism

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