Optimizing the internal electric field distribution of alternating current driven organic light-emitting devices for a reduced operating voltage

M. Fröbel, S. Hofmann, K. Leo, M.C. Gather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of the thickness of the insulating layer and the intrinsic organic layer on the driving voltage of p-i-n based alternating current driven organic light-emitting devices (AC-OLEDs) is investigated. A three-capacitor model is employed to predict the basic behavior of the devices, and good agreement with the experimental values is found. The proposed charge regeneration mechanism based on Zener tunneling is studied in terms of field strength across the intrinsic organic layers. A remarkable consistency between the measured field strength at the onset point of light emission (3-3.1 MV/cm) and the theoretically predicted breakdown field strength of around 3 MV/cm is obtained. The latter value represents the field required for Zener tunneling in wide band gap organic materials according to Fowler-Nordheim theory. AC-OLEDs with optimized thickness of the insulating and intrinsic layers show a reduction in the driving voltage required to reach a luminance of 1000 cd/m2 of up to 23% (8.9 V) and a corresponding 20% increase in luminous efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number071105
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume104
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2014

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