Optimization of STEM-HAADF electron tomography reconstructions by parameter selection in compressed sensing total variation minimization-based algorithms

Juan M. Muñoz-Ocaña, Ainouna Bouziane, Farzeen Sakina, Richard T. Baker, Ana B. Hungría, Jose J. Calvino, Antonio M. Rodríguez-Chía, Miguel López-Haro

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Abstract

A novel procedure to optimize the 3D morphological characterization of nanomaterials by means of high angle annular dark field scanning‐transmission electron tomography is reported and is successfully applied to the analysis of a metal‐ and halogen‐free ordered mesoporous carbon material. The new method is based on a selection of the two parameters (μ and β) which are key in the reconstruction of tomographic series by means of total variation minimization (TVM). The parameter‐selected TVM reconstructions obtained using this approach clearly reveal the porous structure of the carbon‐based material as consisting of a network of parallel, straight channels of ≈6 nm diameter ordered in a honeycomb‐type arrangement. Such an unusual structure cannot be retrieved from a TVM 3D reconstruction using default reconstruction values. Moreover, segmentation and further quantification of the optimized 3D tomographic reconstruction provide values for different textural parameters, such as pore size distribution and specific pore volume that match very closely with those determined by macroscopic physisorption techniques. The approach developed can be extended to other reconstruction models in which the final result is influenced by parameter choice.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2000070
JournalParticle & Particle Systems Characterization
Volume37
Issue number6
Early online date17 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • 3D characterization
  • Compressed-sensing
  • Mesoporous materials
  • Parameters selection
  • STEM-HAADF electron tomography

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