Optical and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of the L Subdwarf SDSS J125637.13-022452.4

Adam J. Burgasser, Soeren Witte, Christiane Helling, Robyn E. Sanderson, John J. Bochanski, Peter H. Hauschildt

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Red optical and near-infrared spectroscopy are presented for SDSS J125637.13-022452.4, one of only four L subdwarfs reported to date. These data confirm the low-temperature, metal-poor nature of this source, as indicated by prominent metal-hydride bands, alkali lines, and collision-induced H-2 absorption. The optical and near-infrared spectra of SDSS J1256-0224 are similar to those of the sdL4 2MASS J16262034+3925190, and we derive a classification of sdL3.5 based on the preliminary scheme of Burgasser, Cruz, and Kirkpatrick. The kinematics of SDSS J1256-0224 are consistent with membership in the Galactic inner halo, with estimated UVW space velocities indicating a slightly prograde, eccentric, and inclined Galactic orbit (3.5 less than or similar to R less than or similar to 11 kpc; vertical bar Z(max)vertical bar = 7.5 kpc). Comparison to synthetic spectra computed with the Phoenix code, including the recent implementation of kinetic condensate formation (Drift-Phoenix), indicates T-eff approximate to 2100-2500 K and [M/H] approximate to -1.5 to -1.0 for log g approximate to 5.0-5.5 (cgs), although there are clear discrepancies between model and observed spectra particularly in the red optical region. As such, any conclusions on the role of metallicity in condensate grain and cloud formation are probably premature. Indeed, a shift in the temperature scale of L subdwarfs relative to L dwarfs may obviate the need for modified condensate and grain chemistry in low metallicity atmospheres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-159
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume697
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2009

Keywords

  • stars: chemically peculiar
  • stars: individual (SDSS J125637.13-022452.4)
  • stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs
  • subdwarfs
  • DIGITAL SKY SURVEY
  • HIGH PROPER MOTION
  • EXTRASOLAR GIANT PLANETS
  • DWARF MODEL ATMOSPHERES
  • DUST CLOUD FORMATION
  • SPECTRAL TYPE-L
  • BROWN DWARFS
  • T-DWARFS
  • PHOTOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT
  • SUBSTELLAR ATMOSPHERES

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