On the origin of selective nitrous oxide N-N bond cleavage by three-coordinate molybdenum(III) complexes

J P F Cherry, A R Johnson, L M Baraldo, Y C Tsai, C C Cummins, S V Kryatov, E V Rybak-Akimova, K B Capps, C D Hoff, C M Haar, Steven Patrick Nolan

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117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reaction of Mo(N[R]Ar)(3) (R = Bu-t or (CD3)(2)CH3) with N2O gives rise exclusively to a 1: 1 mixture of nitride NMo(N[R]Ar)(3) and nitrosyl ONMo(N[R]Ar)(3), rather than the known oxo complex OMo(N[R]Ar)(3) and dinitro-en. Solution calorimetry measurements were used to determine the heat of reaction of Mo(N[R]Ar)3 with N2O and, independently, the heat of reaction of Mo(N[R]Ar)3 with NO. Derived from the latter measurements is an estimate (155.3 +/- 3.3 kcal . mol(-1)) of the molybdenum-nitrogen bond dissociation enthalpy for the terminal nitrido complex, NMo(N[R]Ar)(3). Comparison of the new calorimetry data with those obtained previously for oxo transfer to Mo(N[R]Ar)(3) shows that the nitrous oxide N-N bond cleavage reaction is under kinetic control. Stopped-flow kinetic measurements revealed the reaction to be first order in both Mo(N[R]Ar)(3) and N2O, consistent with a mechanism featuring post-rate-determining dinuclear N-N bond scission, but also consistent with cleavage of the N-N bond at a single metal center in a mechanism requiring the intermediacy of nitric oxide. The new 2-adamantyl-substituted molybdenum complex Mo(N[2-Ad]Ar)(3) was synthesized and found also to split N2O, resulting in a 1:1 mixture of nitrosyl and nitride products;,the reaction exhibited first-order kinetics and was found to be ca. 6 times slower than that for the tert-butyl-substituted derivative. Discussed in conjunction with studies of the 2-adamantyl derivative Mo(N[2-Ad]Ar)(3) is the role of ligand-imposed steric constraints on small-molecule, e.g. N-2 and N2O, activation reactivity. Bradley's chromium complex Cr((NPr2)-Pr-i)(3) was found to be competitive with Mo(N[R]Ar)(3) for NO binding, while on its own exhibiting no reaction with N2O. Competition experiments permitted determination of ratios of second-order rate constants for NO binding by the two molybdenum complexes and the chromium complex. Analysis of the product mixtures resulting from carrying out the N2O cleavage reactions with Cr((NPr2)-Pr-i)(3) present as an in situ NO scavenger rules out as dominant any mechanism involving the intermediacy of NO. Simplest and consistent with all the available data is a post-rate-determining bimetallic N-N scission process. Kinetic funneling of the reaction as indicated is taken to be governed by the properties of nitrous oxide as a ligand, coupled with the azophilic nature of three-coordinate molybdenum(III) complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7271-7286
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume123
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2001

Keywords

  • PHOSPHORUS TRIPLE BOND
  • OXYGEN-ATOM TRANSFER
  • DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL CALCULATIONS
  • TRANSITION-METAL COMPLEXES
  • MATRIX INFRARED-SPECTRA
  • AB-INITIO CALCULATIONS
  • ETA(2)-N-2-TITANIUM DIAZOALKANE COMPLEX
  • VANADIUM DIAMIDOAMINE COMPLEX
  • CYTOCHROME-C-OXIDASE
  • ABLATED IRON ATOMS

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