On the developmental dependence of leaf respiration: responses to short- and long-term changes in growth temperature.

AF Armstrong, David Logan, OK Atkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using measurements of leaf respiratory O-2 uptake (R), we investigated whether immature and mature Arabidopsis thaliana (ecotype Columbia) leaves differed in their response to temperature. Confocal microscopy (using plants with mitochondrially targeted green fluorescent protein [GFP]) was used to deter-mine whether ontogenetic changes in R are associated with concomitant changes in mitochondrial morphology/abundance. Comparisons were made of warm-grown (25/20 degrees C) leaves, warm-grown leaves shifted to cold (5 degrees C) for 10 days, and cold-developed leaves. Short-term Q(10) values and the ability to cold-acclimate were determined. In warm-grown plants, rates of R per mass were highest in immature leaves, decreasing as leaves developed. Moreover, although mitochondrial size (5.6-6.5 mu m(3)) remained constant during development, mitochondrial number per mu m(3) declined from 0.01 to 0.003 as leaves expanded (i.e., mitochondrial density decreased). Immature and mature leaves did not differ in Q(10) values but did differ in their ability to cold-acclimate. Whereas mature leaves had clear evidence of cold acclimation (e.g., when measured at 25 degrees C, R was highest in cold-developed leaves), young leaves had none. Collectively, the results highlight the changes in rates of R, mitochondrial density, and biomass allocation associated with leaf development and that changes in respiratory flux associated with acclimation only take place within mature tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1633-1639
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Botany
Volume93
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • acclimation
  • development
  • leaf respiration
  • mitochondria
  • ontogeny
  • Q(10)
  • temperature
  • ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA LEAVES
  • SUCROSE-BIOSYNTHESIS PATHWAY
  • PLANT RESPIRATION
  • ECOSYSTEM RESPIRATION
  • THERMAL-ACCLIMATION
  • ROOT RESPIRATION
  • CARBON-CYCLE
  • NITROGEN ECONOMY
  • PHOTOSYNTHESIS
  • MITOCHONDRIA

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