OGLE-2017-BLG-0406: Spitzer microlens parallax reveals Saturn-mass planet orbiting M-dwarf host in the inner galactic disk

Yuki Hirao, David P. Bennett, Yoon-Hyun Ryu, Naoki Koshimoto, Andrzej Udalski, Jennifer C. Yee, Takahiro Sumi, Ian A. Bond, Yossi Shvartzvald, Fumio Abe, Richard K. Barry, Aparna Bhattacharya, Martin Donachie, Akihiko Fukui, Yoshitaka Itow, Iona Kondo, Man Cheung Alex Li, Yutaka Matsubara, Taro Matsuo, Shota MiyazakiYasushi Muraki, Masayuki Nagakane, Clement Ranc, Nicholas J. Rattenbury, Haruno Suematsu, Hiroshi Shibai, Daisuke Suzuki, Paul J. Tristram, Atsunori Yonehara, J. Skowron, R. Poleski, P. Mroz, M. K. Szymanski, I. Soszynski, S. Kozlowski, P. Pietrukowicz, K. Ulaczyk, K. Rybicki, P. Iwanek, Michael D. Albrow, Sun-Ju Chung, Andrew Gould, Cheongho Han, Kyu-Ha Hwang, Youn Kil Jung, In-Gu Shin, Weicheng Zang, Sang-Mok Cha, Dong-Jin Kim, Hyoun-Woo Kim, Seung-Lee Kim, Chung-Uk Lee, Dong-Joo Lee, Yongseok Lee, Byeong-Gon Park, Richard W. Pogge, Charles A. Beichman, Geoffery Bryden, Sebastiano Calchi Novati, Sean Carey, B. Scott Gaudi, Calen B. Henderson, Wei Zhu, Etienne Bachelet, Greg Bolt, Grant Christie, Markus Hundertmark, Tim Natusch, Dan Maoz, Jennie McCormick, Rachel A. Street, Thiam-Guan Tan, Yiannis Tsapras, U. G. Jorgensen, M. Dominik, V. Bozza, J. Skottfelt, C. Snodgrass, S. Ciceri, R. Figuera Jaimes, D. F. Evans, N. Peixinho, T. C. Hinse, M. J. Burgdorf, J. Southworth, S. Rahvar, S. Sajadian, M. Rabus, C. von Essen, Y. I. Fujii, J. Campbell-White, S. Lowry, C. Helling, L. Mancini, L. Haikala, Ryo Kandori

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3 Citations (Scopus)


We report the discovery and analysis of the planetary microlensing event OGLE-2017-BLG-0406, which was observed both from the ground and by the Spitzer satellite in a solar orbit. At high magnification, the anomaly in the light curve was densely observed by ground-based-survey and follow-up groups, and it was found to be explained by a planetary lens with a planet/host mass ratio of q = 7.0 x 10-4 from the light-curve modeling. The ground-only and Spitzer-"only" data each provide very strong one-dimensional (1-D) constraints on the 2-D microlens parallax vector πE. When combined, these yield a precise measurement of πE, and so of the masses of the host Mhost = 0.56 ± 0.07 M⊙ and planet Mplanet = 0.41 ± 0.05 MJup. The system lies at a distance DL = 5.2 ± 0.5 kpc from the Sun toward the Galactic bulge, and the host is more likely to be a disk population star according to the kinematics of the lens. The projected separation of the planet from the host is a = 3.5 ± 0.3 au, i.e., just over twice the snow line. The Galactic-disk kinematics are established in part from a precise measurement of the source proper motion based on OGLE-IV data. By contrast, the Gaia proper-motion measurement of the source suffers from a catastrophic 10σ error.
Original languageEnglish
Article number74
Number of pages20
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number2
Early online date23 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • Gravitational microlensing
  • Gravitational microlensing exoplanet detection


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