OGLE 2008-BLG-290: an accurate measurement of the limb darkening of a galactic bulge K Giant spatially resolved by microlensing

P. Fouque, D. Heyrovsky, S. Dong, A. Gould, A. Udalski, M. D. Albrow, V. Batista, J. -P. Beaulieu, D. P. Bennett, I. A. Bond, D. M. Bramich, S. Calchi Novati, A. Cassan, C. Coutures, S. Dieters, M. Dominik, D. Dominis Prester, J. Greenhill, K. Horne, U. G. JorgensenS. Kozlowski, D. Kubas, C. -H. Lee, J. -B. Marquette, M. Mathiasen, J. Menzies, L. A. G. Monard, S. Nishiyama, I. Papadakis, R. Street, T. Sumi, A. Williams, J. C. Yee, S. Brillant, J. A. R. Caldwell, A. Cole, K. H. Cook, J. Donatowicz, N. Kains, S. R. Kane, R. Martin, K. R. Pollard, K. C. Sahu, Y. Tsapras, J. Wambsganss, M. Zub, D. L. DePoy, B. S. Gaudi, C. Han, C. -U. Lee, B. -G. Park, R. W. Pogge, M. Kubiak, M. K. Szymanski, G. Pietrzynski, I. Soszynski, O. Szewczyk, K. Ulaczyk, L. Wyrzykowski, F. Abe, A. Fukui, K. Furusawa, A. C. Gilmore, J. B. Hearnshaw, Y. Itow, K. Kamiya, P. M. Kilmartin, A. V. Korpela, W. Lin, C. H. Ling, K. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, N. Miyake, Y. Muraki, M. Nagaya, K. Ohnishi, T. Okumura, Y. Perrott, N. J. Rattenbury, To Saito, T. Sako, S. Sato, L. Skuljan, D. Sullivan, W. Sweatman, P. J. Tristram, P. C. M. Yock, A. Allan, M. F. Bode, M. J. Burgdorf, N. Clay, S. N. Fraser, E. Hawkins, E. Kerins, T. A. Lister, C. J. Mottram, E. S. Saunders, C. Snodgrass, I. A. Steele, P. J. Wheatley, T. Anguita, V. Bozza, K. Harpsoe, T. C. Hinse, M. Hundertmark, P. Kjaergaard, C. Liebig, L. Mancini, G. Masi, S. Rahvar, D. Ricci, G. Scarpetta, J. Southworth, J. Surdej, C. C. Thone, A. Riffeser, S. Seitz, R. Bender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. Not only is gravitational microlensing a successful tool for discovering distant exoplanets, but it also enables characterization of the lens and source stars involved in the lensing event. Aims. In high-magnification events, the lens caustic may cross over the source disk, which allows determination of the angular size of the source and measurement of its limb darkening.

Methods. When such extended-source effects appear close to maximum magnification, the resulting light curve differs from the characteristic Paczy ' nski point-source curve. The exact shape of the light curve close to the peak depends on the limb darkening of the source. Dense photometric coverage permits measurement of the respective limb-darkening coefficients.

Results. In the case of the microlensing event OGLE 2008-BLG-290, the K giant source star reached a peak magnification at about 100. Thirteen different telescopes have covered this event in eight different photometric bands. Subsequent light-curve analysis yielded measurements of linear limb-darkening coefficients of the source in six photometric bands. The best-measured coefficients lead to an estimate of the source effective temperature of about 4700(-200)(+100) K. However, the photometric estimate from colour-magnitude diagrams favours a cooler temperature of 4200 +/- 100 K.

Conclusions. Because the limb-darkening measurements, at least in the CTIO/SMARTS2 V-s- and I-s-bands, are among the most accurate obtained, the above disagreement needs to be understood. A solution is proposed, which may apply to previous events where such a discrepancy also appeared.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA51
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume518
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • gravitational lensing: micro
  • techniques: high angular resolution
  • stars: atmospheres
  • stars: individual: OGLE 2008-BLG-290
  • DETACHED ECLIPSING BINARIES
  • INTERSTELLAR EXTINCTION LAW
  • STELLAR ATMOSPHERE MODELS
  • DIFFERENCE IMAGE-ANALYSIS
  • JOVIAN-MASS PLANET
  • RED CLUMP STARS
  • EVENT MOA-2007-BLG-192
  • HIGH-MAGNIFICATION
  • PHOTOMETRY
  • LENS

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