Observation of intensity squeezing in resonance fluorescence from a solid-state device

Hui Wang, Jian Qin, Si Chen, Ming-Cheng Chen, Xiang You, Xing Ding, Y.-H. Huo, Ying Yu, C. Schneider, Sven Höfling, Marlan Sully, Chao-Yang Lu, Jian-Wei Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intensity squeezing i.e. photon number fluctuations below the shot noise limit is a fundamental aspect of quantum optics and has wide applications in quantum metrology. It was predicted in 1979 that the intensity squeezing could be observed in resonance fluorescence from a two-level quantum system. Yet, its experimental observation in solid states was hindered by inefficiencies in generating, collecting and detecting resonance fluorescence. Here, we report the intensity squeezing in a single-mode fibre-coupled resonance fluorescence single-photon source based on a quantum dot-micropillar system. We detect pulsed single-photon streams with 22.6% system efficiency, which show subshot-noise intensity fluctuation with an intensity squeezing of . We estimate a corrected squeezing of at the first lens. The observed intensity squeezing provides the last piece of the fundamental picture of resonance fluorescence; which can be used as a new standard for optical radiation and in scalable quantum metrology with indistinguishable single photons.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume125
Issue number15
Early online date7 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2020

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