Nuthatch uses tool in London park

Christian Rutz, Simon Deans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Here, we report an observation of a Eurasian nuthatch Sitta europaea foraging with a tool in a public park in Greater London, UK. This record is of significance, as it provides the first photographic evidence (to our knowledge) of nuthatch tool use, reveals an unusually wide phylogenetic and geographic distribution of tool behaviour within the Sittidae, and constitutes a rare example of animal tool use in an urban environment. To improve our understanding of nuthatch tool behaviour, we are building a global database of relevant anecdotal field observations—submissions are most welcome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-138
Issue number2
Early online date16 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Extractive foraging
  • Hawaiian crow
  • New Caledonian crow
  • Tool use
  • Urban ecology
  • Woodpecker finch


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